I n his speech on Thursday to the American Enterprise Institute , Dick Cheney asked us to put ourselves in his position: imagine you're sitting in the White House and your worst fear comes true - a major terrorist attack occurs on American soil. The secret service hustles you off to the underground bunker. What do you do? Cheney made it clear - you'd do anything, anything! That's an admirably straightforward explanation. It's easy to understand and empathise with.
Cheney told a television interviewer. went into battle when the Pentagon was not ready to engage. Cofer Black, the former head of the agency's Counterterrorist Center, "we're ready to rock, we're ready to roll. The film suggests that Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld delayed providing military backup, unwilling to send in troops until President Bush put him in charge, over Mr.
Tenet's head. officials including one who retired when Ronald Reagan was still in officedisgruntled State Department officials and authors who have written searing books about the administration's missteps, like Bob Woodward's "Plan of Attack.
The documentary says that Mr. Cheney and Mr. Tenet declined to be interviewed, which is hardly surprising. One who did agree was Michael Maloof, a policy analyst who was recruited by Douglas J. Feith, then under secretary of defense for policy, to work in the Pentagon intelligence office that the administration set up to find links between Mr.
Hussein and Al Qaeda that the C. couldn't nail down. Maloof says he still believes the information that was tortured out of Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi, a member of Osama bin Laden's inner circle, and that became the basis for the administration's claim that Iraq was in league with Al Qaeda.
Libi later recanted. That episode is presented as an example of how Mr. Cheney and his allies ignored C. What it doesn't say is that Mr. Libi was interrogated in Egypt under C. The agency's role is barely acknowledged.
The film notes that the information from Mr. Libi "found its way into the intelligence system. The documentary glancingly suggests why there was so much animosity between the Cheney camp and the C. Cheney "remembered as clearly as I remembered how wrong the intelligence had been in ," David A. Kay, a former weapons inspector, says, referring to a Hussein weapons program that actually did exist at the time of the first Iraq war but that the C. A failed to notice. It is also conceivable that the C.
was haunted by its past failures and lacked the confidence to present its assessments without qualifiers or equivocations. That possibility is not raised by the documentary. The filmmakers devote considerable time to Mr.
Tenet's fall from grace; he is presented as a turncoat, or as Mr. Kay put it, a political animal who "traded integrity for access. The stated reason for the invasion was to seize Noriega to face drug charges in the United States, protect U.
lives and property, and restore Panamanian civil liberties. forces achieved control of Panama and Endara assumed the presidency; Noriega was convicted and imprisoned on racketeering and drug trafficking charges in April Inthe Somali Civil War drew the world's attention. In Augustthe United States began to provide humanitarian assistanceprimarily food, through a military airlift.
At President Bush's direction, Cheney dispatched the first of 26, U. troops to Somalia as part of the Unified Task Force UNITAFdesigned to provide security and food relief. Perryhad to contend with both the Bosnian and Somali issues. On August 1,Iraqi President Saddam Hussein sent the invading Iraqi forces into neighboring Kuwaita small petroleum-rich state long claimed by Iraq as part of its territory. This invasion sparked the initiation of the Persian Gulf War and it brought worldwide condemnation.
Central Comman headed by General Norman Schwarzkopfbecause of its important petroleum reserves. Cheney and Schwarzkopf oversaw planning for what would become a full-scale U. military operation.
According to General Colin PowellCheney "had become a glutton for information, with an appetite we could barely satisfy. He spent hours in the National Military Command Center peppering my staff with questions. Shortly after the Iraqi invasion, Cheney made the first of several visits to Saudi Arabia where King Fahd requested U.
military assistance. The United Nations took action as well, passing a series of resolutions condemning Iraq's invasion of Kuwait; the UN Security Council authorized "all means necessary" to eject Iraq from Kuwait, and demanded that the country withdraw its forces by January 15, Other nations, including Britain, Canada, France, Italy, Syriaand Egyptcontributed troops, and other allies, most notably Germany and Japan, agreed to provide financial support for the coalition effort, named Operation Desert Shield.
On January 12,Congress authorized Bush to use military force to enforce Iraq's compliance with UN resolutions on Kuwait. The first phase of Operation Desert Stormwhich began on January 17,was an air offensive to secure air superiority and attack Iraqi forces, targeting key Iraqi command and control centers, including the cities of Baghdad and Basra.
Cheney turned most other Department of Defense matters over to Deputy Secretary Atwood and briefed Congress during the air and ground phases of the war. After an air offensive of more than five weeks, Coalition forces launched the ground war on February Within hours, Iraqi forces had been routed from Kuwait and Schwarzkopf reported that the basic objective - expelling Iraqi forces from Kuwait - had been met on February I worked for four of them and worked closely with a fifth - the Reagan years when I was part of the House leadership.
The best national security team I ever saw was that one. The least friction, the most cooperation, the highest degree of trust among the principals, especially. A total of U. military personnel died in combat, and another died as a result of accidents or other causes. Bush agreed that the decision to end the ground war when they did was correct, but the debate persisted as Hussein remained in power and rebuilt his military forces.
and Coalition forces had left Iraq too soon. Cheney replied that occupying and attempting to take over the country would have been a "bad idea" and would have led to a "quagmire", explaining that:. Because if we'd gone to Baghdad we would have been all alone.
There wouldn't have been anybody else with us. There would have been a U. occupation of Iraq. None of the Arab forces that were willing to fight with us in Kuwait were willing to invade Iraq.
Once you got to Iraq and took it over, took down Saddam Hussein's government, then what are you going to put in its place? That's a very volatile part of the world, and if you take down the central government of Iraq, you could very easily end up seeing pieces of Iraq fly off: part of it, the Syrians would like to have to the west, part of it - eastern Iraq - the Iranians would like to claim, they fought over it for eight years.
In the north you've got the Kurds, and if the Kurds spin loose and join with the Kurds in Turkey, then you threaten the territorial integrity of Turkey. It's a quagmire if you go that far and try to take over Iraq. The other thing was casualties. Everyone was impressed with the fact we were able to do our job with as few casualties as we had.
But for the Americans killed in action, and for their families - it wasn't a cheap war. And the question for the president, in terms of whether or not we went on to Baghdad, took additional casualties in an effort to get Saddam Hussein, was how many additional dead Americans is Saddam worth?
Our judgment was, not very many, and I think we got it right. Cheney regarded the Gulf War as an example of the kind of regional problem the United States was likely to continue to face in the future. We're always going to have to be involved [in the Middle East].
Maybe it's part of our national character, you know we like to have these problems nice and neatly wrapped up, put a ribbon around it. You deploy a force, you win the war and the problem goes away. But it doesn't work that way in the Middle East.
It never has, and isn't likely to in my lifetime. Between an during his last term in Congress, Cheney served on the board of the Council on Foreign Relations foreign policy organization. With the new Democratic administration under President Bill Clinton in JanuaryCheney joined the American Enterprise Institute.
He also served a second term as a Council on Foreign Relations director from to Cheney's record as CEO was subject to some dispute among Wall Street analysts. A merger between Halliburton and Dresser Industries attracted the criticism of some Dresser executives for Halliburton's lack of accounting transparency.
In Junethe United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court ruling and allowed the case to continue in litigation.
During Cheney's term, Halliburton changed its accounting practices regarding revenue realization of disputed costs on major construction projects.
As vice president, he argued that this step, along with establishing a trust and other actions, removed any conflict of interest.
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He was also a member of the board of advisors of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs JINSA before becoming vice president. In earlywhile serving as the CEO of Halliburton, Cheney headed then- Governor of Texas George W. Bush 's vice-presidential search committee. On July 25, after reviewing Cheney's findings, Bush surprised some pundits by asking Cheney himself to join the Republican ticket.
Dick Cheney - A Heartbeat Away
A few months before the election Cheney put his home in Dallas up for sale and changed his drivers' license and voter registration back to Wyoming. This change was necessary to allow Texas' presidential electors to vote for both Bush and Cheney without contravening the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitutionwhich forbids electors from voting for "an inhabitant of the same state with themselves"  for both president and vice president.
Cheney campaigned against Al Gore 's running mate, Joseph Liebermanin the presidential election. While the election was undecided, the Bush-Cheney team was not eligible for public funding to plan a transition to a new administration.
So, Cheney opened a privately funded transition office in Washington. This office worked to identify candidates for all important positions in the cabinet. Following the September 11, attacksCheney remained physically apart from Bush for security reasons. For a period, Cheney stayed at a variety of undisclosed locations, out of public view. Naval Observatory to the White House.
On the morning of June 29,Cheney served as acting president from am to am, under the terms of the 25th Amendment to the Constitution, while Bush was undergoing a colonoscopy.
Cheney helped shape Bush's approach to the " War on Terror ", making numerous public statements alleging Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction and making several personal visits to CIA headquarters, where he questioned mid-level agency analysts on their conclusions. intelligence community had no evidence linking Saddam Hussein to the September 11 attacks and that "there was scant credible evidence that Iraq had any significant collaborative ties with Al Qaeda. Following the US invasion of Iraq, Cheney remained steadfast in his support of the war, stating that it would be an "enormous success story",  and made many visits to the country.
He often criticized war criticscalling them "opportunists" who were peddling "cynical and pernicious falsehoods" to gain political advantage while US soldiers died in Iraq. In response, Senator John Kerry asserted, "It is hard to name a government official with less credibility on Iraq [than Cheney]. In a March 24,extended interview conducted in Ankara, Turkey, with ABC News correspondent Martha Raddatz on the fifth anniversary of the original U.
military assault on Iraq, Cheney responded to a question about public opinion polls showing that Americans had lost confidence in the war by simply replying "So? Bush and Cheney were re-elected in the presidential electionrunning against John Kerry and his running mate, John Edwards. During the election, the pregnancy of his daughter Mary and her sexual orientation as a lesbian became a source of public attention for Cheney in light of the same-sex marriage debate.
state should decide whether to permit it or not. Cheney's former chief legal counsel, David Addington became his chief of staff and remained in that office until Cheney's departure from office.
John P. Hannah served as Cheney's national security adviser. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Jr. served in both roles. On the morning of July 21,Cheney once again served as acting president, from am to am. Bush transferred the power of the presidency prior to undergoing a medical procedure, requiring sedation, and later resumed his powers and duties that same day.
After his term began inCheney was occasionally asked if he was interested in the Republican nomination for the elections. However, he always maintained that he wished to retire upon the expiration of his term and he did not run in the presidential primaries. The Republicans nominated Arizona Senator John McCain.
Cheney was a prominent member of the National Energy Policy Development Group NEPDGcommonly known as the Energy Task Forcecomposed of energy industry representatives, including several Enron executives. After the Enron scandalthe Bush administration was accused of improper political and business ties. In Julythe Supreme Court ruled that the US Department of Commerce must disclose NEPDG documents, containing references to companies that had made agreements with the previous Iraqi government to extract Iraq's petroleum.
Beginning inCheney's staff opted not to file required reports with the National Archives and Records Administration office charged with assuring that the executive branch protects classified information, nor did it allow inspection of its record keeping. On October 18,The Washington Post reported that the vice president's office was central to the investigation of the Valerie Plame CIA leak scandal, for Cheney's former chief of staff, Lewis "Scooter" Libbywas one of the figures under investigation.
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In FebruaryThe National Journal reported that Libby had stated before a grand jury that his superiors, including Cheney, had authorized him to disclose classified information to the press regarding intelligence on Iraq's weapons. Armitage said he was not a part of a conspiracy to reveal Plame's identity and did not know whether one existed.
On March 6,Libby was convicted on four felony counts for obstruction of justice, perjuryand making false statements to federal investigators. Bush vigorously and unsuccessfully to grant Libby a full presidential pardon up to the day of Barack Obama's inauguration, likening Libby to a "soldier on the battlefield".
On February 27,at about 10 am, a suicide bomber killed 23 people and wounded 20 more outside Bagram Airfield in Afghanistan during a visit by Cheney. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack and declared that Cheney was its intended target. They also claimed that Osama bin Laden supervised the operation.
He reported hearing the blast, saying "I heard a loud boom The Secret Service came in and told me there had been an attack on the main gate. Cheney has been characterized as the most powerful and influential Vice President in history. A sign of Cheney's active policy-making role was then-House Speaker Dennis Hastert 's provision of an office near the House floor for Cheney in addition to his office in the West Winghis ceremonial office in the Old Executive Office Building, and his Senate offices one in the Dirksen Senate Office Building and another off the floor of the Senate.
Cheney has actively promoted an expansion of the powers of the presidency, saying that the Bush administration's challenges to the laws which Congress passed after Vietnam and Watergate to contain and oversee the executive branch - the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Actthe Presidential Records Actthe Freedom of Information Act and the War Powers Resolution - are, in Cheney's words, "a restoration, if you will, of the power and authority of the president".
In JuneThe Washington Post summarized Cheney's vice presidency in a Pulitzer Prize -winning four-part series, based in part on interviews with former administration officials. The articles characterized Cheney not as a "shadow" president, but as someone who usually has the last words of counsel to the president on policies, which in many cases would reshape the powers of the presidency.
When former Vice President Dan Quayle suggested to Cheney that the office was largely ceremonial, Cheney reportedly replied, "I have a different understanding with the president. The articles described Cheney's influence on decisions pertaining to detention of suspected terrorists and the legal limits that apply to their questioning, especially what constitutes torture. The Washington Post articles, principally written by Barton Gellmanfurther characterized Cheney as having the strongest influence within the administration in shaping budget and tax policy in a manner that assures "conservative orthodoxy.
The articles characterized his approach to policy formulation as favoring business over the environment. In JuneCheney allegedly attempted to block efforts by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to strike a controversial US compromise deal with North Korea over the communist state's nuclear program. In Julya former Environmental Protection Agency official stated publicly that Cheney's office had pushed significantly for large-scale deletions from a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report on the health effects of global warming "fearing the presentation by a leading health official might make it harder to avoid regulating greenhouse gases.
However, according to the former senior adviser on climate change to Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Stephen JohnsonCheney's office was directly responsible for nearly half of the original testimony being deleted. In his role as President of the U. SenateCheney broke with the Bush Administration Department of Justiceand signed an amicus brief to the United States Supreme Court in the case of Heller v.
District of Columbia that successfully challenged gun laws in the nation's capital on Second Amendment grounds. On February 14,in an appearance on ABC 's This WeekCheney reiterated his support of waterboarding and for the torture of captured terrorist suspects, saying, "I was and remain a strong proponent of our enhanced interrogation program.
The Washington Post reported in that Cheney purchased a home in McLean, Virginiapart of the Washington suburbs, which he was to tear down for a replacement structure. He also maintains homes in Wyoming and on Maryland's Eastern Shore. Cheney is the subject of the documentary film The World According to Dick Cheneywhich premiered March 15,on the Showtime television channel. Cheney maintained a visible public profile after leaving office, being especially critical of Obama administration policies on national security.
Speaking to the National Press ClubCheney stated: "People ought to be free to enter into any kind of union they wish, any kind of arrangement they wish. I do believe, historically, the way marriage has been regulated is at a state level. It's always been a state issue, and I think that's the way it ought to be handled today. Although, by custom, a former vice president unofficially receives six months of protection from the United States Secret ServicePresident Obama reportedly extended the protection period for Cheney.
On July 11,CIA Director Leon Panetta told the Senate and House intelligence committees that the CIA withheld information about a secret counter-terrorism program from Congress for eight years on direct orders from Cheney. Intelligence and Congressional officials have said the unidentified program did not involve the CIA interrogation program and did not involve domestic intelligence activities.
They have said the program was started by the counter-terrorism center at the CIA shortly after the attacks of September 11,but never became fully operational, involving planning and some training that took place off and on from until this year. Cheney has said that the Tea Party Movement is a "positive influence on the Republican Party" and that "I think it's much better to have that kind of turmoil and change in the Republican Party than it would be to have it outside. In MayCheney endorsed Donald Trump as the Republican nominee in the presidential election.
When she was sworn into office in JanuaryCheney said he believed she would do well in the position and that he would only offer advice if requested. That March, Cheney said that Russian interference in the United States elections could be considered "an act of war".
On December 29,four days after the attempted bombing of an international passenger flight from the Netherlands to United StatesCheney criticized Obama: "[We] are at war and when President Obama pretends we aren't, it makes us less safe. Why doesn't he want to admit we're at war? It doesn't fit with the view of the world he brought with him to the Oval Office. It doesn't fit with what seems to be the goal of his presidency - social transformation - the restructuring of American society.
Unfortunately too many are engaged in the typical Washington game of pointing fingers and making political hay, instead of working together to find solutions to make our country safer. During a February 14, appearance on ABC 's This WeekCheney reiterated his criticism of the Obama administration 's policies for handling suspected terrorists, criticizing the "mindset" of treating "terror attacks against the United States as criminal acts as opposed to acts of war".
In a May 2,interview with ABC News, Cheney praised the Obama administration for the covert military operation in Pakistan that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden. Induring an interview with Sean Hannityhe called Barack Obama a "weak President" after Obama announced his plans to pull forces out of Afghanistan.
In AugustCheney published his memoirIn My Time: A Personal and Political Memoirwritten with Liz Cheney. InCheney published another book, Exceptional: Why the World Needs a Powerful Americaagain co-authored with his daughter Liz. The book traces the history of U. foreign policy and military successes and failures from Franklin Roosevelt 's administration through the Obama administration.
The authors tell the story of what they describe as the unique role the United States has played as a defender of freedom throughout the world since World War II. In MayCheney supported President Trump's decision to withdraw from the Iran Nuclear Deal. He criticized the Trump administration during a forum at the American Enterprise Institute alongside Vice President Mike Pence in March Cheney's early public opinion polls were more favorable than unfavorable, reaching his peak approval rating in the wake of the September 11 attacks at 68 percent.
"The Dark Side," a "Frontline" documentary on PBS tonight, chronicles Vice President Dick Cheney's campaign to wrest control of the intelligence community and hype the case for invading knitswhereitsat.comted Reading Time: 5 mins
In AprilCheney was awarded an honorary doctorate of public service by Brigham Young Universitywhere he delivered the commencement address. The college board of trustees issued a statement explaining that the invitation should be viewed "as one extended to someone holding the high office of vice president of the United States rather than to a partisan political figure". Cheney has been cited as the most powerful vice president in American history. Cheney has been compared to Darth Vadera characterization originated by his critics, but which was later adopted humorously by Cheney himself as well as by members of his family and staff.
As a result of Cheney having admitted that he "signed off" on the so-called " enhanced interrogation techniques " program, some public officials, as well as several media outlets and advocacy groups, have called for his prosecution under various anti-torture and war crimes statutes.
In Jon Meacham 's book Destiny and Power: The American Odyssey of George Herbert Walker Bushpublished in Novemberthe 41st president, although also laudatory of Cheney, is in part critical of the former vice president, whom Bush describes as "having his own empire" and "very hard-line.
Five days after the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the U.S., Vice President Dick Cheney on this day, in a now-infamous interview on the news program Meet the Press, said that the U.S. would have to work "the dark side" in responding to knitswhereitsat.com Americans at the time realized how serious he knitswhereitsat.comted Reading Time: 2 mins Dick Cheney defends the dark side. Dick Cheney's audacious power grab has been fully discredited. But in his fantasy world, he's still fighting the good fight. I n his speech on Thursday to the Estimated Reading Time: 4 mins Richard Bruce Cheney (born January 30, ) is an American politician and businessman who was the 46th Vice President of the United States from to
Cheney is a member of the United Methodist Church and was the first Methodist vice president to serve under a Methodist president. His wife, Lynnewas chair of the National Endowment for the Humanities from to She is now a public speaker, author, and a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. The couple have two daughters, Elizabeth "Liz" and Mary Cheneyand seven grandchildren. Liz, congresswoman from Wyoming sinceis married to Philip J.
Perrya former General Counsel of the Department of Homeland Security. Mary, a former employee of the Colorado Rockies baseball team and the Coors Brewing Companywas a campaign aide to the Bush re-election campaign; she lives in Great FallsVirginiawith her wife Heather Poe.
As ofCheney had a pet Golden Retriever named Nelson. Cheney's long histories of cardiovascular disease and periodic need for urgent health care raised questions of whether he was medically fit to serve in public office. Subsequent heart attacks in, on 22 Novemberand on 22 February resulted in moderate contractile dysfunction of his left ventricle.
On September 24,Cheney underwent a six-hour endo- vascular procedure to repair popliteal artery aneurysms bilaterally, a catheter treatment technique used in the artery behind each knee. In late Aprilan ultrasound revealed that the clot was smaller. On March 5,Cheney was treated for deep-vein thrombosis in his left leg at George Washington University Hospital after experiencing pain in his left calf.
Doctors prescribed blood-thinning medication and allowed him to return to work. On July 12,Cheney underwent a cardiological exam; doctors reported that his heartbeat was normal for a year-old man with a history of heart problems.
As part of his annual checkup, he was administered an electrocardiogram and radiological imaging of the stents placed in the arteries behind his knees in Doctors said that Cheney had not experienced any recurrence of atrial fibrillation and that his special pacemaker had neither detected nor treated any arrhythmia. On January 19,Cheney strained his back "while moving boxes into his new house". As a consequence, he was in a wheelchair for two days, including his attendance at the United States presidential inauguration.
On February 22,Cheney was admitted to George Washington University Hospital after experiencing chest pains. A spokesperson later said Cheney had experienced a mild heart attack after doctors had run tests. In early-JulyCheney was outfitted with a left-ventricular assist device LVAD at Inova Fairfax Heart and Vascular Institute to compensate for worsening congestive heart failure.
On March 24,Cheney underwent a seven-hour heart transplant procedure at Inova Fairfax Hospital in Woodburn, Virginia. He had been on a waiting list for more than 20 months before receiving the heart from an anonymous donor. Jonathan Reiner, advised his patient that "it would not be unreasonable for an otherwise healthy year-old man to expect to live another 10 years" with a transplant, saying in a family-authorized interview that he considered Cheney to be otherwise healthy.
On February 11,Dick Cheney accidentally shot Harry Whittingtona year-old Texas attorneywhile participating in a quail hunt at Armstrong ranch in Kenedy County, Texas. An ambulance standing by for the Vice President took Whittington to nearby Kingsville before he was flown by helicopter to Corpus Christi Memorial Hospital. On February 14,Whittington had a non-fatal heart attack and atrial fibrillation due to at least one lead-shot pellet lodged in or near his heart.
The Secret Service stated that they notified the Sheriff about one hour after the shooting. Kenedy County Sheriff Ramone Salinas III stated that he first heard of the shooting at about pm. Both Cheney and Whittington have called the incident an accident. Early reports indicated that Cheney and Whittington were friends and that the injuries were minor.
Whittington has since told The Washington Post that he and Cheney were not close friends but acquaintances. When asked if Cheney had apologized, Whittington declined to answer. The sheriff's office released a report on the shooting on February 16,and witness statements on February 22, indicating that the shooting occurred on a clear sunny day, and Whittington was shot from 30 or 40 yards 40 m away while searching for a downed bird.
Armstrong, the ranch owner, claimed that all in the hunting party were wearing blaze-orange safety gear and none had been drinking. The incident hurt Cheney's popularity standing in the polls. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Richard Cheney disambiguation. Lynne Vincent. Liz Mary. See also: United States presidential election and Presidential transition of George W. See also: Iraq War.
See also: United States presidential election. Main article: Plame affair. See also: CIA leak grand jury investigation and United States v.
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Cheney is the subject of the documentary film The World According to Dick Cheney, which premiered March 15, , on the Showtime television channel. Cheney was also reported to be the subject of an HBO television mini-series based on Barton Gellman 's book Angler and the documentary The Dark Side, produced by the Public Broadcasting Service Dick Cheney and 'the dark side' Andrew Ryan. Published June 20, ated June 20, Published June 20, This article was published more than 10 years knitswhereitsat.comted Reading Time: 8 mins Back to the Dark Side: Dick Cheney's Pax Americana. This piece first appeared at The Washington Spectator. Exceptional, the new book from former Vice President Dick Cheney and his daughter, Liz Estimated Reading Time: 10 mins
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On September 16, , Vice President Cheney appeared on NBC's Meet the Press and talked about what it will take to deal with the terrorism threat: " We have to work the dark side, if you will On September 11, , deep inside a White House bunker, Vice President Dick Cheney was ordering U.S. fighter planes to shoot down any commercial airliner still in the air above America. At that The Dark Side June 20, / 1h 24m. Season Episode Watch Vice President Dick Cheney was ordering U.S. fighter planes to shoot down any commercial airliner still in the air
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January 5, Archived from the original on October 13, National Park Service. United States Senate. Archived from the original on November 1,
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Virn 2 Oct 2012 Reply
Certainly, it is not right
Sadal 2 Oct 2012 Reply
Very well, that well comes to an end.
Grole 2 Oct 2012 Reply
It absolutely not agree with the previous message